EU Law on Renewable Energy

As renewable energy technologies have become more accessible, citizens have got more empowered. The ‘Clean Energy for all Europeans Package’ together with the recast Renewable Energy Directive make it easier for citizens to form energy communities, but also to produce, store, and sell their own renewable energy.

Promoting Community Energy (CE)

1. The recent Green Deal of the European Union includes:

    • the claim for clean, affordable, and secure energy, setting out the requirements that future energy systems must meet. These requirements can be fulfilled by enabling and facilitating energy communities to take an assured position in societies and to operate actively in the energy market. Therefore, the new EU legislation on CE should effectively be transposed and then properly and intensively implemented in each EU member state.
    • the direct and central focus on building renovation and energy efficiency. CE directly supports relevant activities – engage citizens to lower consumption, deploy more efficient infrastructure, collective decision making, supporting communities at large to initiate buildings renovation projects and focus on fighting energy poverty.

2. The Green Deal does not include concrete detailed measures on how to support the democratisation of the energy system, and to assure and encourage communities as well as local municipalities participating in energy production. There is the need to include a more detailed description about the role and expectations of CE in this, as CE is the prime opportunity for communities to take ownership of a fair share of the decentralised and renewable energy production in the near future.

3. The Clean Energy Package (CEP) clearly acknowledges the big potential of CE since it will secure social acceptance of the Energy Transition. It states that in every member, state the barriers to CE should be mapped and consequently removed with determined political action at all levels. Creating a stable policy framework and eliminating regulatory barriers is the key to seize the potential of CE.

Achieving the Promotion of CE in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR)

    • Co2mmunity compiled 8 country-specific handbooks on CE development for municipalities and citizen associations addressing their respective lacks, including information about organisational and financing possibilities, technical aspects, and the local/regional CE potential.
    • Co2mmunty drafted a White Paper for national and regional stakeholders to support/initiate CE projects. The policy recommendations for national and regional institutions aim at improving the institutional situation for CE development. They include suggestions to improve national and regional policies to support CE projects by, e.g. implementing new funding schemes, enabling new types of collaboration (e.g. energy cooperatives), or embed CE as an important pillar in existing RE policies, thereby fostering the sustainable development in and of communities.
    • Co2mmunity drafted a Policy Paper for BSR energy stakeholders/actors. The policy recommendations will address how to facilitate user driven CE solutions on a transnational level.